Peru located along the Pacific Ocean, is the third largest country in South America with a population of over 25 million. Spanish is the most commonly spoken language; however, Quechua is a major legacy of the Inca empire, and is still spoken with regional dialect in many parts of the country, particularly in the Andes.
Five hundred years ago, Peru was the heart of the Inca Empire having Cusco as its capital. By the 16th Century, the Empire was devastated by the invasion of Spanish "conquistadores" or conquerors. These conquerors came in search of gold and silver and found it among the riches that lie in the Andes . Peru soon became the principal resources of wealth for the Spanish elite, particularly the monarchy.
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